Published: Fri Mar 5 2021 7:40 PM
Updated: Wed Mar 24 2021 3:30 PM
While no one can scientifically predict earthquakes, we can provide forecasts of future earthquakes using computer models that are updated as an earthquake sequence continues. Forecasts based on the 5 March 2021 East Cape Earthquake are in the table below.
Given that the earthquake occurred some distance offshore, we cannot detect the smaller earthquakes that we usually use in our computer models. Therefore, we base our forecast on an average of other New Zealand sequences and a global model for subduction zones.
These two models provide the spread of the average number and the probabilities in the table below. The range covers the 95% confidence bounds including both models. The forecast applies to the region around the mainshock as indicated by the box on the map below. Earthquakes can and do happen outside this region, but the box represents the most likely area for aftershocks in this sequence.
|Average number||Range *||Probability of 1 or more||Average number||Range *||Probability of 1 or more||Average number||Range *||Probability of 1 or more|
|within 30 days||2.6-4.5||0-9||>90%||0.3-0.4||0-2||25-35%||0.03-0.04||0-1||3-4%|
|within 365 days||9-13||4-21||>99%||0.9-1.2||0-4||60-70%||0.10-0.13||0-1||9-12%|
For example, this table says that:
What you can do about this:
As described in this article about our forecasts, the best thing we can do is be prepared for earthquakes. Remember, Long or Strong, Get Gone.
Drop, Cover and Hold during the shaking. Protect yourself from the earthquake first.
As soon as the shaking stops, move immediately to the nearest high ground, out of all tsunami evacuation zones, or as far inland as possible.
NEMA (National Emergency Management Agency) have a great website with information on what to do before, during and after a tsunami. There you can also find tsunami evacuation zone maps for around New Zealand, and what supplies you need in an emergency.
Need to Talk? If you would like support or advice, have feelings of anxiety, stress, prolonged fear, hopelessness or anger, or if you just need to talk with someone. Please text or phone 1737 to speak to a trained councellor in the National Telehealth Service. Its free to call or text.
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